Rain Water Conservation in Gurgaon with People’s Participation
Compelling Need: it's ironical that at a time when Gurgaon witnesses flood-like situation during monsoon, the groundwater level is continued to deplete. The threat of water scarcity looming over Gurgaon gains in magnitude with each passing year. Ecologists have estimated that at the current rate of consumption, the groundwater reserves here will be all but extinguished by 2030. And the topography of the region is such that Gurgaon's surface water potential is way less than promising. These are some of the disturbing findings of an academic study on the water situation of Gurgaon, conducted by a team of groundwater experts from Delhi's Jamia Milia Islamia University in June 2013. As per the study, the water table depth in the city hovers around 280 ft and as per experts, after 600 ft, there is no water and that is quite alarming. This prompted us to think seriously on the ways and means of recharging groundwater for ensuring water sustainability. The entire project is being undertaken in three phases. In the first phase from November 2013 to October 2014, 6 water harvesting structures were constructed in two schools-Badshahpur and Begumpura Khatola; in the second phase from November 14 to August 2015, a total of 11 water harvesting structures were undertaken in Rithoj, Fazilpur, , Palda and in third phase from September to November 2015, construction of one water harvesting structure was undertaken in Behrampur School. Navjyoti India Foundation was our NGO partner in implementing the Project.
- To promote water conservation and rain water harvesting in identified 6 villages of Sohna Block, Dist Gurgaon, Haryana
- To promote soils and water conservation through locally accessed technologies
- To motivate communities to actively participate in environmental activities
- To impart awareness in the communities on water conservation measures and water harvesting
- Addressing rain water logging issues in the identified 6 schools
- Construction of Rain Water Harvesting structures and conserving water
Solution unfolds: The children in 6 Schools of Gurgaon such as Schools at Badshahpur , Rithoj, Fazilpur, , Palda, Begum Pur Khatola and Behrampur villages faced lot of challenges due to grim situation of water logging, drainage problem and related health issues in the school premises. There were poor drainage and sanitation facilities in the school premises. There was water logging in the school premises and a total of around 3 thousand children faced health hazards. With our intervention all the schools are now free from rain water logging and children enjoy a health living during their school timings.
Outcome of the Project: With Tata Housing support, 18 rainwater harvesting structures along with filters were constructed in the identified schools. As a result of this, a total 60.73 Lakh litres of water will be recharged and replenished in a year. The school authorities have reported increase in average attendance rate of the school children due to improved conditions after construction of the said structures. The school teachers, School Management Committee members and community were the stakeholders that were actively involved in the project and regular awareness sessions on the significance of water conservation has helped in their increased knowledge. The improvement in school infrastructure is clearly visible with better hygiene and surrounding environment. Regular awareness sessions and exposures of the school children have helped us in making them the brand ambassadors of Tata Housing and also our partner NGO.
Sustainability of the Project: With the help of local stakeholders, Paani Panchayats have been formed to maintain the structures thus ensuring sustainability of the project in the long-term. We started the project in November 2013 and completed by the end of August 2015. The Pani Panchayat members are collecting a fixed amount on annual basis and depositing in bank for the upkeep and maintenance of the structures.
Key Objectives Achieved
Community Engagement & Actions
- Soil conservation was promoted through locally accessed technologies and community was motivated to actively participate in environmental activities including the participation of children, women and villagers at large.
- We constructed 18 rain water harvesting wells with filters and roof top harvesting structures. Pipes were laid down for waste water collection to the recharge well. Kaccha road was laid with proper gradient in government boys’ primary school Badshahpur and government middle school Begampura Khatola.
- Roof Top water harvesting structures were constructed in each school as per the drawing plans.
- Awareness sessions were imparted on conservation of water among the villagers, students and community at large through rallies, films, focus group discussions, AV shows, pamphlets, stickers and nukkad-natak etc.
64 meetings were conducted with school management committees of these 6 schools. 29 meetings were conducted to build rapport and associate with key resource persons such as Councillors, Panchayat Members etc. Pani Panchayats were formed at all the villages that included school management committee, counsellors, panchayat member, school teachers & principals. 12 meetings were conducted with Paani Panchayats. Rapport with community members was established through door to door visits and regular follow up meetings. Responsibilities of Paani Panchayat were clearly defined for smooth functioning. With cooperation from government departments and school authorities of the schools concerned, the project was a great success. Teachers such as Sharma Yadav, Head Mistress and Mr. Kuldep teacher of Badshapur School, Mr. Daya Kishan, Head-Teacher and Mr Ajeet Singh, teacher of Begumpur Khatola School, Ms Veena Chaudhury, Head Mistress and Ms Jyotsna, teacher of Rithoj School, Ms Mahendra Yadav, Head Mistress and Ms Krishna Yadav, teacher of Fazilpur School, Ms Anita Sharma, Head Mistress(Primary Section) and Ms Sudha Arora, Head Mistress(Secondary) of Palda School were of great help and value in project implementation and in achieving deliverables.
Mass Communication: We conducted 5 Nukkad Natak, 26 Focus Group discussions, 8 audio visual sessions, 6 mass rallies, for creating awareness about water conservation. Water conservation sites (location of recharge wells) were identified with the help of experts. So ultimately 17 recharge structures were constructed, Rainwater Collection and conveyance systems were installed, and 17 filters were installed.
Promotion of soil and conservation structure and ensure sustainability of project
Formed Paani Panchayat comprising of 8- 10 members (Annexure 1) in each village for sustainability of the project. They will collect a fixed amount on annual basis and deposit in bank for the upkeep and Maintenance of the structures.
Successful construction of recharge wells
17 Recharge wells and Filters installed
A total of 5672.7 kilo-litre of ground water will be recharged in a year (It is calculated using standard formula – RAINFALL: The normal annual rainfall in Gurgaon. District is about 596 mm.
Rithoj school –
Total catchment area = 1713 Sq. meter.
Total water recharge in one year = 865.2 Kilolitres.
Fazilpur School –
Total catchment area = 4157.27 Sq. meter.
Total water recharge in one year = 1218.8 kilolitres.
Palda School –
Total catchment area = 7306 Sq. meter.
Total water recharge in one year = 1894.6 Kilolitres.
Total catchment area = 2082 Sq. meter.
Total water recharge in one year = 659 Kilolitres.
Total catchment area = 3127 Sq. meter.
Total water recharge in one year = 1035 Kilolitres.
The ground water level will be measured through water level indicator instrument on annual basis, pre-and post-monsoon. The current water level is Approx 80 feet. The age of structures will be 5 years. After 5 years, may require maintenance or replacement of pipes etc.
Awareness amongst community members
Reached approximately to 37 ,300 people in total through various awareness sessions – approximately 4800 people from Rithoj, approximately 5000 people from Fazilpur, approximately 5500 from Palda village, approximately 12000 people from Begumpur Khatola and approximately 10000 people from Badshahpur village.
Pani Panchayat, Rithoj
- Mr. Brij Pal, President
- Ms. Kavita, Secretary
- Ms. Sunil Kumar, Treasurer
- Mr. Om Pal, Member
- Ms. Surendra Singh, Member
- Ms. Rajwati, Member
- Mr. Munesh, Member
Pani Panchayat, Fazilpur
- Mr. Sachin, President
- Ms. Dharambati, Secretary
- Ms. Meena Devi, Treasurer
- Mr. Chatarpal, Member
- Ms. Suman, Member
- Ms. Babli, Member
- Mr. Hawa Singh, Member
Pani Panchayat, Palda
- Ms. Anita Devi, President
- Ms. Sunita Devi, Secretary
- Ms. Mamta, TreasurerR
- Mr. Mahesh Kumar, Member
- Mr. Kusumbir, Member
- Ms. Nirmala Devi, Member
- Ms. Sakuntala, Member
- Ms. Kusum, Member
- Ms. Ramrati, Member
Pani Panchayat, Badshahpur
- Mr. Padam Singh, President
- Ms Geeta, Secretary
- Inderjeet, Treasurer
- Mukesh Abhinandan, Member
- Ved Parkash, Member
- Krishnan Kumar, Member
- Suresh, Member
- Diwan Chand, Member
- Savita, Member
- Kuldeep, Member
Pani Panchayat, Begumpur Khatola
- Dharmender, President
- Laxman Singh, Secretary
- Resham, Treasurer
- Nisha Yadav, Member
- Sarita, Member
- Vinod Singh, Member
- Amar Singh, Member
- Darshna, Member
- Daya Kishan, Member
- Rishipal, Member
- Badshahpur School did not have any accessibility to main road. It is bounded on all sides with urban structures. However, with proper interventions, the access road was developed by us.
- The waste-water and sewage outlet from neighbouring households were flowing into the school premises. Convincing the community to re-design and re-engineer the outlets was by itself an insurmountable challenge at first sight. However, with proper awareness and counselling, the same was done.
- Rithoj School did not have enough water, which could be used to prepare construction material such as cement mix etc. Apart from this, due to the short height of the gate, we could not take water tanker and the raw material inside the premises
While working at Fazilpur School, we found that, there was no local labour available. Also due to lack of security guard in the school, 3-4 water pipes got stolen from the school.
- Ensured water sustainability of the localities
- Formed Paani Panchayats for the sustainability of the project to ensure maintenance and up-keeping of the structures.
- Prevented water logging in the schools and saved children from health hazards.
- Construction of rain water conservation structures at schools using local labour.
- Involvement and engagement of all stakeholders
- Involvement with Municipal Corporation of Gurgaon (MCG) in supporting and laying sewage lines to prevent outside water entering the school premises.
- Reached out to a huge population and created water conservation awareness
Tata Housing Partners with UMMEED Child Development Centre for Combating Developmental Disabilities in Children
Tata Housing has joined hands with Ummeed Child Development Centre for combating developmental disabilities in children. Mr. Brotin Banerjee, MD & CEO, Tata Housing and Dr. Vibha Krishnamurthy, Medical Director and CEO, UMMEED, signed the Memorandum of Understanding in this regard at Times Tower, Mumbai on 13th August 2013. This three year partnership will help more than 43,000 children overcome developmental disabilities.
India is a country with a huge number of children ‘at risk’ for disability. The current WHO disability estimates, Mumbai alone has 6.50 lakh children with developmental disabilities. If we include children at risk, the number doubles. In India there are around 52 million children with developmental disabilities. Many of these children belong to socio-economically backward class and their parents cannot afford the cost of the treatment/therapy. Interventions that focus on promoting early childhood development would result in better child development in the short term, and improved educational and job related outcomes in the long term, enhancing human capital. Therefore, there is a need to support NGOs who help the poor and marginalized communities in overcoming the developmental disabilities in children and this partnership aims towards the same.
The objective of this partnership is to create capacity among various NGOs so that they are able to reach out to more and more number of under-privileged children who are having developmental disabilities and are able to manage them and or preventing occurrence of developmental disabilities among high risk children.
Under the partnership, with the fund provided by Tata Housing, UMMEED will establish an outreaching training department within UMMEED with at least one Sr Programme Manager and One Coordinator-Training. This outreach training department would reach-out to different NGOs and support groups and train the social workers from such organizations in its Child Development Aide (CDA) Training Programme, Mental Health Training Programme(MHTP), and other such programmes aimed at managing and preventing developmental disabilities among children.